The City of Cape Leuca
The small town of Alliste is located south of Gallipoli . On the coat of arms depicts two large wings topped with a capital “A” in reference to the myth that the town was founded by refugees from Felline ( now fraction of the country ) who fled after a raid of the Saracens .
The village of Matino is located at the foot of the greenhouse, which probably derives its ancient name matine (heights). The small historic center is characterized by small streets and winding, picturesque courtyards and underground. The oldest monument is the medieval church dedicated to Saint George, a sixteenth century later enlarged. To see the Marquis Palace Del Tufo dating back to the sixteenth century and decorated in an elegant façade with mullioned window. Great architectural importance plays the team with the frescoed walls and troughs shaped niche with the names of the horses. Of particular value is the Church of the Pietà which has within it beautiful baroque altars dedicated to the Nativity, the Immaculate Conception and San Domenico in addition to a series of frescoes decorating the apse and the vault with scenes from the scriptures. The site on which it stands Matino also had an attendance in the prehistoric period of which remain some witnesses in the area adjacent to the crypt of Saint Hermes (the ridge Serra homonymous).
The small town of Parabita is located on the west side of the hill of Sant’Eleuterio. Its economy is based around the production of wine, olive oil and fruit and vegetables. Its origins are lost in the uncertainty of the historical sources. Nearby is the cave of Venus, testimony of the prehistoric period. The first signs of the small village dating back to the thirteenth century. A.D. To see the majestic Catello Angioino renovated in 1540 by the family of the Castriota and later in the eighteenth century by the noble Ferrari, whose coat of arms is still visible on the façade. Also interesting is the Church of San Giovanni Battista, dating from the thirteenth century. that it houses two large frescoes depicting St. Christopher and the Virgin with San Gaetano. The Church of Santa Maria of Humility, however, is the place where, before the killing of the old walls, was the port of Gallipoli. The structure, with a single nave, still in the decoration original facade that rotates around a large rose window and inside a fresco depicting the Virgin. To visit within the city the Basilica of Our Lady of Culture.
Collepasso owes its name to the hill rich pastures on which it arose; its name, in fact, comes from the Latin “collis pascuorum” (hill pastures). To characterize the surrounding area is the green countryside of Serre Salentine, from where the channel of the Ace, the largest river in the area is to reach that length. The small town preserves in its streets numerous religious and civil buildings of great historical and cultural value among them the Baron’s Palace, which dates back to the feudal period and subject to subsequent interventions and expansions until the eighteenth century. The wall includes the ancient defensive tower of the Byzantine era in which, in feudal times, the toll was collected. Also worth seeing is the nineteenth-century church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, it made carparo and stone, has a Latin cross and a large dome lowered. The Chapel of the Holy Trinity was built in 1522 for the castle lords and security guard of the feud, and for the few farmers who lived on the land barons. Renovated in 1870, today has elements in the neoclassical style.
Tuglie is a village gently nestled on the Ionic side on the hillside of “greenhouses” Salento overlooking the magnificent view of the bay of Gallipoli. The old town contains within it many historic buildings including the Palazzo Ducale, built in the early seventeenth century and former home of the dukes Venturi now houses the ‘Museum of Rural Life and Popular Traditions of Salento’. Prestigious also the Mother Church, built in the eighteenth century, which retains a façade with three elegant portals. Attached to the left side of the facade it stands the civic clock tower, built in 1884, while the bell tower, in the rearmost position, dates back to 1831. The Church of St. Joseph’s it houses a mosaic floor made marble and tiles dating from the late nineteenth century. Also interesting are the ancient underground oil mill of the seventeenth century, located on the outskirts of town, which now houses inside the Radio
Tiggiano is a town of Salento that gained independence in the first half of the seventeenth century. when the Serafini-Sauli family bought the surrounding countryside, including the town, managing to later obtain the title of Barons. The old town is a maze of small alleys and courtyards among which is the seventeenth-century Baron’s Palace (now the Town Hall) built by the family Serafini-Sauli. It still retains the majestic entrance portal topped by an elegant porch and the large courtyard bordered by arcades. Currently some rooms on the ground floor houses the Museum of Arts and Philosophy where you can find the tools used in the old working practices of their small town. Also worth seeing is the baroque Church of St. Ippazio, patron of Tiggiano and the Oratory of St. Michael built in 1590, by the family of Arcella. The structure houses inside some paintings of the end of the five hundred and valuable statues made of papier mache.
Santa Maria di Leuca
Santa Maria di Leuca is situated on the border of the Salento: its name comes from the greek leukos (white) as well was in the eyes of the ancient Greek sailors. “De finibus terrae” was the name by which the Romans DESIGNATED this strip of land. From excavations carried out on the promontory it is found that the area of Santa Maria di Leuca has been inhabited since the Bronze Age. In greek and roman center was an important seaport on the trade routes between east and western Mediterranean. In the nineteenth century began the impulsio tourist and resort center driven primarily by the desire of the nobles to have houses by the sea, why stand still in Leuca many Art Nouveau villas that are now the pride of the country. Leuca is also a place of pilgrimage since according to popular belief the name of “Santa Maria di Leuca” was commissioned by St. Peter of Palestine, from here he began his work of evangelization by building a sanctuary instead of the previous Christian pagan temple . To see the grand staircase with 184 steps connecting the Sanctuary of Santa Maria di Leuca, located in a prominent position on the coast, below the port. Along the staircase a big waterfall celebrates the end of the long Aqueduct Pugliese. In the vicinity of Porto, in 1694 it was built a column with Corinthian capital to indicate the place where St. Peter landed to begin his work of evangelization. Also interesting is the octagonal lighthouse about 50 meters high, with a lantern has 16 lenses, which became operational in 1866. The coast of Santa Maria di Leuca looks high and rugged Adriatic, lower and homogeneous over the Ionian Sea. Entambi sides are rich in caves and suggestive cavities.
The presence in the countryside surrounding the village ugentino of menhirs and dolmens confirm its attendance since the Palaeolithic age, but it was in that period Messapico center assunze considerable importance. The remains of the mighty city walls testifies to the greatness achieved by the center in the Messapian period, which has grown further following the construction of a seaport on the coast. Later the city was subject to Roman Municipality in 82 BC and he was named Uxentum. He retained some significance as port area during the imperial period, but with the decline of the latter was sacked several times. Ugento recovered importance with the Normans in the eleventh century when the castle was built on the ruins of the ancient Roman Castro. To see the remains of the Messapian Walls that arise in the northern part of the town, the Cathedral, the Church of St. Anthony of Padua, The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Light, The Crypt of the Crucifix in addition to such important plazzi Palace which houses the Colossus’ historical collection of the same name and the former convent of Celestin within which houses the Archaeological Museum Salvatore Zecca. Also interesting is the castle which dates back to the eleventh century, although the current structure is the result of a series of destruction and reconstruction occurred over time. Today it is a private residence belonging to the noble family of Love. The historical importance of the building is demonstrated by the presence within it of large halls decorated, partially reopened to the public in 2005. Recently rearranged also the Archaeological Museum and the Diocesan Museum.
The foundation of Casarano dates back to Roman times when, following the occupation of the province of Lecce, was founded a small village “Cesarianum”. Between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries the inhabited nucleus was split into two: Casaranum Magnum and Casaranum Parvum. The early sixteenth century the population entirely abandon Casaranum Parvum, nucleus of the town, to move further north where behind the push for new “lords” from Naples, he began to build the new town only Casaranum Magnum. The latter thus became the new Casarano, while the old settlement was named Casaranello (small Casarano, Italianate evolution of Casaranum Parvum). The historic town is full of palaces and religious stutture that testify to the importance achieved by the center. Among the stately mansions stands Palazzo Aquinas, better known as “The Castle” for the bulk of the structure. Of great historical and artistic interest of the baroque church, dedicated to Our Lady Annunziata, one of the most significant monuments of Baroque Salento. Other facilities the most important religious sanctuary “Madonna of the Campaign” which stands on a charming hilly site east of the city, the Church of Holy Mary of the Angels and the sixteenth-century Church of San Domenico. Also worth seeing is the Crypt of the Crucifix.
Landscapes and natural areas
Cave – Santa Maria di Leuca
The Costa Azahar overlooking the Adriatic Sea is high and rocky, and offers many striking caves carved by centuries of storms. Among the more the Cave of Cazzafre, the Well, Lu Digging, The Mannute, Montelungo and Cave Brigante. Further north it opens the inlet of Ciolo, already in the territory of Gagliano, which owes its name to giolo, a small bird that is still present in this area. Costa de Ponente occurs three others, an important natural cavity called Cave Porcinara which preserves testimonies ranging from the eighth to the second century BC This site it has been over time a first sanctuary messapico and then a sacred place used for worship by the Romans. L ‘main entrance is 16 meters long and leads into a hallway that leads into an atrium with two openings that overlook the sea. In the vicinity lies the Devil’s Cave in which have been found artifacts which attest an attendance in the prehistoric period and then in greek. The peculiar name is due to the gloomy rumble that can be heard inside the cavity, about 30 meters deep. The walls have several Greek and Latin inscriptions with the names of ships, sailors as well as numerous crosses carved dated between the third and first centuries BC
Natural park “Bosco Occhiazzi” – Ruffano
The Natural Park of Bosco Occhiazzi Ruffano extends for about two hectares in the countryside of Ruffano, near the Serra leading to Casarano. The nature reserve preserves flora and fauna typical of the area in an ecosystem survived the extensive type of crops and preserved almost intact to this day. Since 2008 you can visit the park and enjoy nature trails using the specially designed, along nature trails that cover the entire forest formed by the passage of humans and animals. The vegetation of the park includes numerous olive trees and many species typical of the Mediterranean, such as brooms, myrtle, rockrose and wild orchids. You can also observe many species of insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. The area is also equipped with benches and tables intended to stop and rest.
Art and culture
The cave of Venus was discovered in the mid- 60s by prof . Piscopo , in loc . Tufara , about 2 km north-west of Parabita .
It is a natural cavity in which was found a settlement to use both living and worship dating back to the period between the Middle Palaeolithic and the beginning of the Bronze Age , as evidenced by the numerous findings found both inside and around cave.
The Sanctuary of “Santa Maria de Finibus Terrae” Leuca born of an ancient pagan temple dedicated to the goddess Minerva. Tradition has it that the first plant of this sanctuary was commissioned by St. Peter once landed on the adjacent coast. Destroyed and rebuilt several times over the centuries because of the numerous attacks by the Turks, the current structure preserves forms dating back to the eighteenth century. The Basilica has a Latin cross plan with one large nave culminating in a stone pulpit, where there is a dramatization of the collapse of the temple while it appeared St. Peter surmounted by the coat of arms of the bishop Giannelli. Over the main altar is an ancient representation of the Virgin. The transition from pagan cult that Christianity is testified by an inscription at the entrance of the sanctuary. In front of the sanctuary, a high column with a Corinthian capital and topped with a stone cross, it recalls the Jubilee pilgrimage of 1900 and the passage of St. Peter. According to popular tradition the visit to the shrine is the first step to enter Paradise.
The Crypt of the Crucifix or St. Constantine is an underground natural environment transformed into a place of worship by the Byzantines in the eleventh century. In the large underground room Byzantine monks built a crypt which is accessed through an entrance adjacent to the ruins of an ancient Benedictine abbey of the XVth century. The crypt is an important prehistoric site, history and nature. Graffiti of the Paleolithic era and fossils dating back to the Neolithic communities living with important paintings on the cave walls, depicting a crucifix and St. Constantine. The crypt was always a spiritual center and meeting place for the neighboring communities. Towards the end of the last century, however, the devotion and the place went falling fell more and more in a state of abandoned; He harassed by neglect and vandalism was used only sporadically for worship and popular devotion. In recent years, however, the site has returned to be used at various times dell’annno for some celebrations.
The Crypt of the Crucifix is a small underground accommodation used for centuries as a place of worship located about a kilometer from the center of Ugento. Located on the Via Traiana Sallentina, over the centuries it has been a must for the many pilgrims who came at the shrine of Santa Maria de Finibus Terrae in Leuca. The Crypt of the Crucifix is just one of many religious structures of model monachesiomo eastern fate in Salento between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries; differs from the others in the decoration of the ceiling consists of shields crusaders red and blacks, apotropaic figures such as the griffin and the hydra, as well as symbols of the religious sphere. a cycle of frescoes covering the walls around the perimeter of the hypogeum dating from the thirteenth century. the seventeenth century., consists of icons recalling Byzantine art and the cult greek. Recent restoration work has brought to light a number of tombs formed in the bedrock surrounding the underground, originally at the level of the old decking.
The Madonna of Culture ( an abbreviation of Madonna of Agriculture ) is the patron of Parabita . The birth of the cult comes from a legend in which a farmer plowing the fields with a pair of oxen found a monolith on which was painted the image of the Virgin and Child and at that point it was decided to build a votive chapel . Probably the chapel had to be that of the XIV century , which today is not preserved because nothing in its place was built a first church in the seventeenth century and later the present Basilica of the early twentieth century.
The Radio Museum of Tuglie is headquartered in the restored outbuildings to an underground oil mill of the seventeenth century , that once belonged to the family Marullo . The collection includes radios and scientific instrumentation that the avid researcher Salvatore Giuseppe Micali has collected in 35 years of work as a radio operator Petty Officer of the Navy . In the museum it is kept many rare materials and of great value : the Edison automatic telegraph transmitter (USA 1893) to receivers in Galena , from the receivers of the early twentieth century to those of the seventies . The Museum also has a library and newspaper library specializing in the history and technique of radio
The Museum of Farming , inaugurated in 1982 , is headquartered in the seventeenth century Palazzo Ducale in Tuglie . The collection includes a range of tools and objects that tell the life and work in a period that goes from the seventeenth century to the Second World War . The large collection of testimonies of rural civilization includes the tools of work in the fields , those used by carpenters , the tools of the blacksmith , the blacksmith , the carpenter , alongside everyday objects and children’s toys . The museum also has a small library on local authors and on agricultural practices and also owns a photo library with images that tell the story of Tuglie.
Opened in 2002 , the Museum of Rural Life is headquartered in the historic residence of Palazzo Pasanisi in Torrepaduli . The museum collection includes a series of objects and tools that reconstruct the ancient production practices and daily life of the ancient families of the time.
Some rooms have been restored preserving the original destination of the same, while others have been organized according to the laboratories . Among the objects on display are tools , various tools and even old toys . In recent years the museum has become home to cultural events and shows.
The Museum of Arts and Philosophy of Tiggiano is housed in the Palazzo Serafini – Sauli (now Baron’s Palace ) which also houses the public library . The museum contains numerous items and various tools once used to work in the fields or the production of oil and wine . You can see ancient instruments for measuring weight alongside other tools and vintage images that reconstruct the traditions and the ancient craft practices and working their small town of Salento in between the end of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries
The Museo del Bosco is set within the picturesque Castle of Supersano . Born in 2011 to preserve the historical memory of the forest of Belvedere , an ecosystem of the territory of Salento , which no longer exists . Through exhibits , educational panels and reconstructions is retraced the history of this place , from employment to exploitation by man , from the Paleolithic to the modern age . The Museum is home to the major reconstruction of the ecosystem of the forest of Belvedere , with real plants and graphic reproductions and three-dimensional . Rich is the collection of ethnographic objects and tools related to the ancient crafts that used the forest as a resource .
The top floor of the property is an archaeological collection that includes vases and weapons found in the medieval village that once stood in the village Scorpo , recently the subject of several archaeological investigations.
The Municipal Museum of Specchia is organized into four large rooms that develop three main themes : the peasant , the forest and renewables . In fact, the museum was created to preserve the historical memory of the area and to encourage the use of renewable sources for energy. The Museum of Mirror has four theme areas . Something special is the hall of the Forest of Feelings that offers an evocative reconstruction of the forest Mirror , discovering the wonders of wood . In the Hall of renewable energies , through a series of games and of three-dimensional reconstructions , ranging from the use of wood for energy the windmill of Cardigliano . In the room that houses the testimonies of the civilization peasant and artisan , finally , you can see objects that testify to the strong bond between man and nature.
In the birthplace of Don Tonino Bello , just across from the eighteenth-century Cathedral , the headquarters of the International Marian Museum of Contemporary Art . The museum houses over 350 works of art -themed Marian , made by the most important exponent of Italian and international including: Salvatore Fiume , Ernesto Treccani , Luigi and Alessandro Guerricchio Nastasio . The works possess both the readability of the sacred and the tendency to experimentation of contemporary art.
The museum , named after the patriot and jurist Liborio Romano is located in the residence once belonged to the Romano family and recently restored museum project . The museum has numerous objects from the private collection of Liborio Romano who alongside political activity , which led him to become Minister and Deputy of the Kingdom of Italy , the collector’s passion . Some items come from nearby Vereto , ancient city Messapian subject of numerous archaeological excavations in recent years . The ancient town on whose ruins arose the first settlement of Patù , today is an archaeological site in which you can follow the tour routes specially equipped
The museum , established in 1989 , is housed in a few rooms on the first floor of the Palazzo Ducale . Objects that preserves were donated in part by private citizens of Preston and includes 300 pieces , distributed in themed rooms . The ancient work tools and other objects once belonged to farmers , carpenters , blacksmiths , coopers , cobblers , weavers and millers were were placed in one of four themed rooms : the room of the fire , the water room , the room the earth , the room of time . Many objects reconstitute the ancient practices of oil production under which the institution was included in the national circuit of ” Roads of ” . Among the most valuable items are reported a wooden plow , a loom some sieves for flour and the ancient clock tower of the Mother Church dating from 1879 and recently renovated.
Museum Vito Mele is located in some rooms next to the Sanctuary of Santa Maria de Finibus Terrae . It was inaugurated in 2004 and is dedicated to the sculptor Vito Mele Salento , originally from Preston .
The permanent collection includes more than 120 works created by internationally renowned artists . Next to numerous pieces made by sculptor Salento and his countrymen are flanked works by other artists from the late nineteenth century to the present day . Among the artists stand Medardo Rosso , Leonardo Bistolfi and Vincenzo Moan . Also worth seeing is the section dedicated to contemporary artists including names such as Aldo Calo , Ezekiel Leandro , Bruno May , Ugo Nespolo , and Arnaldo Pomodoro , Ivo Soldini and Eros Pellini.
The municipal art gallery of Ruffano is housed in the eighteenth-century Capuchin convent . The permanent collection includes about 300 works of contemporary art including sculptures, paintings and graphics , some of which are made by renowned artists of the twentieth century which Walter Lazzaro , Goliardo Padua , Ibrahim Kodra , Antonio Pizzolante , John cherish , Salvatore Fiume and Luigi Veronesi . They are often made exhibitions that follow the subjects of existential realism , abstractionism , or kinetic art . The Capuchin Monastery is also a real cultural center for houses inside in addition to the art gallery is also a library where you can consult catalogs and critical texts about the artists in the collection.
Opened in 2008 , the Museum is housed Rush Palustre nineteenth-century Palazzo Villani of Acquarica del Capo . The museum created to enhance the historical art of working marsh bulrush , houses inside numerous educational panels that tell the different phases of reeds according to age-old practice of Acquarica jealously guarded by women , who worked as cestinaie . Among the various processing steps are illustrated collection made exclusively by men , drying and zolfatura , which took place in special cubicles – stoves – where burning coals with sulfur . The plot of the rushes was the final stage of the process and was entrusted to the hands of women thorn .
Not to be missed is the extraordinary Nativity Rush made almost half a century ago by the lady of Sorrows Olympian , preserved in glass cases.
The Museum of Archaeology is located in the ancient Franciscan convent of Santa Maria della Pietà . The monument has been recently restored to house the museum and a modern conference room , obtained from the ancient refectory of the convent . The museum , opened in 2009 , has a rich and innovative exhibition that collects archaeological ugentino of the town over the centuries . The exhibition spaces are distributed in two floors and include , in several rooms and in the cloister , exhibits ranging from prehistory to the Middle Ages accompanied by educational panels . The collections include ceramic material of the Messapian period , some of which are found during the recent excavations . In the museum you can admire the famous Tomb of the Athlete , numerous environmental reconstructions and a rich numismatic collection.
The Museum of the Diocese of Ugento – Santa Maria di Leuca is located in the crypt of the Cathedral , once a burial place for the clergy and for the most prominent citizens . The collection includes a number of objects and works of art including paintings on canvas , paper mache devotional statues , vestments, and missals , scrolls , and antiphonaries carteglorias . Many other precious religious objects , mostly silver , as the chalices, vessels and thrones Eucharistic . The heritage of the Diocesan Museum of Ugento is divided into six rooms , equipped with glass display cases , various supports and panels.